Pinyin: zhi shi (fu chao)
ENGLISH NAME: Bitter Orange (Stir Fried)
LATIN NAME: Stir Fried Aurantii Fructus Immaturus With Bran
Properties: bitter, acrid, cool
Channels Entered: Large Intestine, Spleen, Stomach
CHINESE THERAPEUTIC ACTIONS
1. Breaks Up Stagnant Qi, Resolves Accumulation
2. Dissolves Phlegm, Relieves Distention
3 to 10 grams in decoction. The maximum dosage of Zhi Shi is 15 grams. Apply as a powder for topical use. Unprocessed Zhí Shi has a potent ability to break up stagnant qi and resolve accumulation. However, such impact is 0白en associated with consumption of qi and irritation of the Spleen and Stomach. Dry-frying increases the warmth and moderates the harsh nature of Zhi Shi, therefore minimizing potential side effects.
CAUTIONS I CONTRAINDICA TIONS
• Use Zhí Shí with caution during pregnancy.
• Zhi Shi should not be used as a single remedy when treating patients with Spleen and Stomach deficiencies， since its qi-regulating potency may disperse and consume qi. Patients with Spleen and Stomach deficiencies should be treated with both qi-tonics and qi-reglllating herbs.
• Zhi Shi should be used with caution in patients who have gastric or duodenal peptic ulcers, because the acidity of the herb may irritate the gastrointestinal tract. 1